SquirrelMail G/PGP Plugin gpg_recv_key() Command Injection Vulnerability
iDefense Security Advisory 07.11.07
Jul 11, 2007
The SquirrelMail G/PGP Encrpytion Plugin is a general purpose
encryption, decryption, and digital signature plug-in for SquirrelMail
that implements the OpenPGP standard using GPG. More information is
available at the following URL.
Remote exploitation of a command injection vulnerability in the G/PGP
Encrpytion Plugin for The SquirrelMail Project Team's SquirrelMail
webmail package allows attackers to execute arbitrary commands with the
privileges of the underlying web server.
The problem specifically exists within the function gpg_recv_key()
defined in gpg_key_functions.php. A call is made to exec() with
unfiltered user-supplied data as demonstrated in the following piece of
$command = "$path_to_gpg --batch --no-tty --homedir $gpg_key_dir \
--keyserver hkp://$keyserver --recv-key $searchkeyid 2>&1";
exec($command, $output, $returnval);
The aforementioned '$keyserver' variable is supplied in the POST data to
the gpg_options.php script. The attacker must have a valid authenticated
session to exploit this vulnerability.
Exploitation of the described vulnerability allows authenticated remote
attackers to execute arbitrary commands with the privileges of the
underlying web server.
This vulnerability could be exploited by webmail users to gain shell
access on the target server and potentially further compromise the
system with local privilege escalation vulnerabilities.
iDefense has confirmed the existence of this vulnerability in the latest
version of the G/PGP Encryption Plugin for SquirrelMail, version 2.1.
Furthermore, this vulnerability has been confirmed to exist as early as
version 2.0. Other versions may be affected.
Disable the G/PGP Plugin if it is not required. Alternatively, add the
following line above the initialization of the '$command' variable just
prior to the call to exec():
$keyserver = escapeshellarg($keyserver);
Please note that this is an unofficial source patch, but should be
sufficient as a workaround until an official patch is released from the
VI. VENDOR RESPONSE
The maintainers of the SquirrelMail G/PGP plug-in have not responded to
repeated inquires regarding this vulnerability. As such, it remains
unpatched, even in the most current release made on July 7th, 2007.
VII. CVE INFORMATION
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CVE-2005-1924 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in
the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org/), which standardizes names for
VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE
10/27/2005 Initial vendor notification
10/27/2005 Initial vendor response
03/02/2006 Second vendor notification
02/16/2007 Third vendor notification
07/11/2007 Public disclosure
The discoverer of this vulnerability wishes to remain anonymous.
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X. LEGAL NOTICES
Copyright © 2007 iDefense, Inc.
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